In 1872 Max Carl Gritzner founded a company to produce sewing machines, bicycles and motorcycles based in Durlach who became the largest sewing machine factory in Europe.
In 1874 the company employs 99 workers.
In 1881 the factory was completely destroyed by fire, ribuilt and then added the production of sewing machines furniture.
In 1884 the company employs 370 workers.
In 1886, the company was converted into a Aktiengesellschaft by the name of "Nähmaschinenfabrik, formerly Gritzner & Co, A.G." with stock exchange listing in Berlin and Frankfurt.
In 1891 opening of its own iron foundry and a Department of steam machines and pumps.
In 1894 the company employs 1.432 workers.
In 1897 recording of bicycle production.
From 1903 motorcycles were produced . Even pumps and steam engines were temporarily in the production program.
In 1905 the company works covers a floor area of 90,000 sqm and produces with about 3.000 workers and 6 steam engines with 1,700 horsepower and with 2,000 working machines, an average of 400 sewing machines per day. The conceived in constant increase in production capacity for bicycles and motorcycles amounts currently 20,000 pieces per year.
In 1931 the company Gritzner merged with the "Palatine sewing machine and bicycle factory formerly Gebrüder Kayser AG" in Kaiserslautern for "Gritzner-Kayser AG".
In 1955 another major fire destroyed the entire sewing machines factory in Durlach. Weakened Gritzner-Kaiser is easy prey for a competitor based in Kaiserslautern, GM Pfaff AG.
In 1957 the factory was rebuilt by the GM Pfaff AG that takes over the majority of shares.
In 1958 the Gritzner-Kayser AG took over the production facility of motorcycle works for Mars models Monza and Milano, which were delivered in a variety of colors (often: blue, white and red and white). They existed as mopeds (Supersport Monza, Monza Super Sport Deluxe, sk Milano, Monza sk) and as a normal scooter. It Sachs and ILO motors are installed. The moped Supersport Monza Deluxe is now sought after by collectors.
In 1965 converted to the operating lease assets at Pfaff into a GmbH.
source : wikipedia