Frister & Rossmann
1864 On January 1, Gustav Rossmann opened in Markgrafenstraße, Berlin, a small workshop to manufacture and repair of sewing machines.
Within that mid-year Gustav Rossmann joint Robert Frister to form the
new Frister & Rossmann, Actiengesellschaft. The company start manufacture Wheeler and Wilson system sewing machines .
1865 the company located in Markgrafenstrasse 27a advertises their first sewing machine based on the Wheeler & Wilson system.
The F&R arrived at the Berlin audience so well that in 1865 the company moved into the Adalbertstraße . Only three years later Frister & Rossmann then began to build the new factory in the Skalitzer road. Equipped with the latest American machines, the factory was in 1869 on the operation and set forth Weekly about 250 sewing machines to grab the system Wheeler and Wilson.
From an advertise F&R guarantees the machines for two years.
F&R started exporting sewing machines to England in 1870 circa. The agency may havebeenheldin succession by two London firms. Isidor Naschmay have sold the machines under an English name and trade mark.The offices are unknown for now.
The company was incorporated on
19 November 1871 under the company name Nähmaschinen fabrik vorm. Frister & Rossmann AG. Transformation into joint-stock company with 2.5 Millions Mark capitol. The first share certificates were issued on 1 December 1871.
From a German newspaper say : The Frister & Rossmann factory in Berlin (the largest sewing machine factory in Europe) I think stores, I can recommend them as the best. The machines are made to share in its clean and durable,all work safely and quickly without the noise and cost, with only 36 Sämtliche Apperaten Rix. In January this year sold 1005 units, in February1521. Warranty and instruction given gladly
1873 about, the first fiddle base machine ( FB 1 ) based on the Singer New Family 12 also sold in London.
From a German newspaper say: fabricated for family use and commercial purposes with the principal U.S. aid machine, stand in their performance and duration as unmatched. Of these machines for over 10,000 units have been proven to the complete satisfaction of the Imperial. General Post Office, several Royal. Ministries and governments, and most of the German Railways direction relative to their officials, after the various experts they are "excellent in every respect" after careful consideration for recognition. Every genuine Frister & Rossmann machine bears the full Company on the badge and the F & R in the frame.
From a German newspaper say “ always earnestly recommended its stores sewing machines, as working silently and easily grab.machines from the factory Frister & Rossmann in Berlin, (the largest sewing machine factory in Europe , 90.000 of these machines are already in use )
After Isidor Nasch, who may have not been an agent for Frister & Rossmann ( he was an Engineer living at 251 of Whitechapel road in London and he patented improvement for button-holes attachments, one attachment also for the W&W sewing machine) ,Mr. Hermann Loog , who have been in Gresham Street of the City of London for thirteen years as retail business, was appointed as agent for the German company . He moved his retail business at 127 and 128 London Wall. Later, in January 1886, at 126 , 127 , 128 London Wall EC . Hermann Loog was a considerable retailer, he had about 30 shops.They were working on the hire-purchase system,15 shops only in London.
Hermann Loog functions were to keep F&R stock in London, and sell from it to customers. He had the sole agency for England. The terms were 5 per cent, commission and expenses.
F&R continued to send machines to Hermann Loog until March, 1885, when two agreements were entered into. One was between Frister & Rossmann and Herbert Loog, Limited, and the other between Frister & Rossmann and Hermann Loog individually. Under the agreement entered into, Mr. Loog was bound to render periodical statements. He did so weekly, but not always regularly.
According to a letter from Mr Hermann Loog as a reply to Mr Isidor Nasch,
the Frister & Rossmann in 1876 approached him, to take up their agency, which had then been unsuccessfully held in succession by two London firms. Mr. H. Loog say : When , at the direct request of Frister & Rossmann , who , as explained , approached me through a personal and mutual friend of
Mr. Frister and myself , I took up their agency, their name and trade mark were quite unknown to the English public, and the few machines which
“ Isidor “ and others may have sold were sold by him either
under an English name and trade mark, or else they were supplied without
any name or trade mark, for the purpose of affixing an English trade mark before they reached the public. Having concluded my contracts for the agency, and equally at the request of my then friends in Berlin, and on their account, I engaged the services of Mr. I. Nasch, and I do not think it necessary, nor in his own interest desirable, that I should here go into the reasons which compelled me, after a very few weeks , to dismiss him and to forbid him my premises.
see more about Hermann Loog: http://www.ismacs.net/fristerandrossman/hermann_loog.html
Deception > fraud, 20th November 1876.
HENRY SIMPSON (32) , unlawfully obtaining from Hermann Loog, a sewing machine, with intent to defraud, upon which Mr. F. H. Lewis for the Prosecution offered no evidence.
NOT GUILTY .
1879 winning medals in Sydney, Australia
Hermann Loog who was acting as an agent for the Sewing Machine Company , later Frister & Rossmann, since 1876, in a letter sent to F&R dated June 1879, he announcing the transference of his private business to the company Hermann Loog Limited.
[This letter was read, and in it Mr. Loog mentioned that owing to the dispute with the Singer Company and impending dispute with his former capitalist, he thought it advisable to turn his business into a company, because in the event of non-success in these actions all his opponents would have to go against for costs or damages would be " Hermann Loog, his bones and skin."]
14 December 1880
In a court of appeal, decision in favor of Hermann Loog vs Singer Manufacturing company.
6th August 1881
Frister & Rossmann reach 250.000 machines in production
1881 winning medals in Altona and Crystal Palace
15th April 1881
From a German newspaper say “ A large trial, which is one of the most thriving industries of Germany's far-reaching significance, has reached its end before the London Court of Appeal and with the victory of the German company. The Singer Manufacturing Company in London had noted with unease that it was made by German sewing machine manufacturer successful competition. They decided, therefore, against the representatives of the deadlines and Frister&Rossmann factory sewing machines, Mr. Herrmann Loog in London to proceed wailing and under the pretext that this company which after the Syrians "Singer" and "Wheeler and Wilson" finished commodities, thereby a deception of the public whilst he, in that they all circulars, price lists, etc. The term "Frister and Roßmann'sche Singer machine " use. The first instance trial lasted 17 days. 45 witnesses, traders, buyers, etc., were heard. The present printed stenographic report provides evidence that a witness 26 hours . Was heard and that the cross-examination questions were asked 11.304. When the sentence was pronounced, it was against Mr Frister and Rossmann, respectively. their agents. The legal costs amounted to 6000 pounds sterling or 120 000 M. - The losing company could not calm down with this knowledge, however, they appealed, and it was rejected after only four days of negotiations, the prosecution and the Singer Manufacturing Compagny the now imposed on 200 000 M. in adult cost . During this last trial was still noted the interesting fact that in the meantime had gone to Australia made director of the factory Singer'schen unauthorized changes in the stenographic record of the negotiations. In the grounds said the first judge, Lord Justice James, that the circulars absolutely exclude the possibility of deception and that the name "Singer system" could not make the impression as if it were a finished commodities in America Singer'sche machine. The German sewing machine factory in the hot battle is won thanks to this decision as English in the market have a profitable sales territory.
In 1882 or 1883 F&R opened a number of retail branch establishments in London and the country. All those branches were supplied with machines by Hermann Loog from F&R stock held by him.
1883 winning medals in Amsterdam, Netherlands
1884 winning medals in Teplitz? and London
Hermann Loog, Limited, chief wholesale offices, 126, 127 & 128 London Wall, London and 14, Gordon St., Glasgow , promoting a variety of machines including sewing machines, perambulators, harmoniums and washing machine, household appliances and infant carriers . Also manual polyphone and cabinetto roller organ.
Frister & Rossmann, not being satisfied with the nature of the retail businesses as carried on by Hermann Loog, an arrangement was entered into by which the Limited Company took upon itself the whole of the liabilities of management and assets of the various retail businesses, and by an agreement, dated 1st March, 1885, between H. Loog & Co., Limited, and Frister & Rossmann, all these businesses, stock, assets, and liabilities were transferred to H. Loog & Co., payment being given for the stock and interest which Frister & Rossmann had in these businesses by debenture in H. Loog & Co., Limited, to the amount of about £23,000, and the arrangement was that Loog & Co. were to be supplied with 500 machines and other goods from month to month. All machines to be sold or let out on hire ; when sold, were then charged against H. Loog & Co., Limited, in the books, and from time to time bills were drawn by Frister & Rossmann upon H. Loog & Co., Limited, to be renewed at six days' date, and in addition fresh debentures were to be given by H. Loog & Co. to cover these bills. As a matter of fact some £6,000 or £7,000 of the original debentures have been paid off since 1885, but a very large additional debt has been incurred for which either debentures or acceptances have been given by H. Loog & Co., Limited. The amount of the original indebtedness now stands increased to some £33,000 or £34,000. On 1st March, 1885, and the same date as the agreement between Frister & Rossmann and H. Loog & Co., Limited, an agreement was entered into between Frister & Rossmann and H. Loog himself. By this agreement it was provided :
1886 winning medals in Edimburgh , Scotland
1886 Frister & Rossmann already employs 1.000 workers
Hermann Loog ceased to be manager for the company at the end of 1886. Hermann Loog was arrested together with his son, a boy of 18, and brought up at the Guildhall. The father was on a charge of fraudulently applying 8,000 to his own us and of illegal pledging goods belonging to Frister & Rossmann, and the son of being an accessory in the culpable omission of the father to make certain entries in the books belonging to Frister & Rossmann.
Mr. SAMUEL LOEWE on January 3rd was appointed as the new agent for the Frister & Rossmann Sewing Machine Company .
New evidence proves that Frister & Rossmann , with Loewe as the new agent, remained in 127 London Wall ( at 128 London Wall was still
H. Loog with the new business ) , for few months before moving to 49 Fore Street .
If the side manual came originaly with the sewing machine , the serial number 539.711 was made before July 1887.
28th March 1887
HERMAN LOOG was again indicted, with ROBERT LOOG for misdemeanour.
No evidence was offered by the prosecution.
HERMAN LOOG indicted for that he being entrusted with 400 sewing machines as factor and agent, unlawfully deposited them with Myer Harris, with intent to defraud.MESSRS. JELF, Q.C., and BODKIN Prosecuted; MESSRS. WADDY, Q.C.,and BESLEY Defended.During the progress of the case the Jury expressed an opinion that it was not sufficient, and returned a verdict of
MAY 1887 Frister & Rossmann general assembly
On the afternoon of the 17 th May 1887, an ordinary general assembly of the shareholders of the Frister & Rossmann Company was held .The President of the Council of Supervision, Mr. Sigismund Born, informed the assembly that the Board of directors had tendered their demission to the council, and the members of the said council equally intended to tender their resignations in the case of the majority of the shareholders supposing this action to be serving the interests of the business.
On the July 1887 Messrs. Frister & Rossmann have moved to
49 FORE STREET with S.LOEWE as sole agent for England.
After 11 years , the badge 128 LONDON WALL attached to the sewing machines sold by Hermann Loog,
will change in 49 FORE STREET.
After a year, the new agent
will add his name alongside
London's address. In the badge from now on you will read
49 FORE STREET
Queen Victoria’s Golden Jubilee was celebrated. She had completed 50 years as the British ruler.
1887 winning medals in Adelaide, Australia
1888 winning medals in Melbourne, Australia
1888 Founding of a Department of Electrical Engineering, Production of telephones and alarm systems
1888 F&R produced telephone
1889 winning medals in Berlin ( source winning medals from the back of instruction book)
1892 Start of production of the first Frister & Rossmann, an exact copy of the American "Caligraph 3".
1896 about, W.PIERSSENE the sole agent for F&R in London at 49 FORE STREET, LONDON, E.C.
This machine , s/n 776.003, has W.Pierssene,
49 FORE STREET on the badge
as sole agent but you can find machines badged
S.Loewe as well ,but only for a short period of time.
The first VIBRATING SHUTTLE
machine ( VS 1 ).
1903 Frister&Rossmann produced over one million of sewing machine
1908 Frister & Rossmann produced one million and 1/4 of sewing machine
1913 Presto and Senta Typewriters
4 August 1914 , United Kingdom declared war on the German Empire
On August 20, 1914 the Allied Powers began an embargo on important items that were normally shipped to and from Germany.At first, the U.S. pursued a policy which, although formally neutral, penalized Germany and aided its British and French foes. Britain imposed a trade embargo on Germany which, with very little U.S. protest at its infringements of neutral rights, ended up choking off American exports of food, cotton, and other resources to Germany. Meanwhile, the U.S. permitted all belligerents – which, in practice, meant Britain and France – to purchase munitions from the U.S. and, later, to borrow significant sums of money from New York banks. When Germany, in response to the British embargo, began to use submarines to attack British merchant vessels on which Americans might be sailing, the U.S. vigorously objected that submarine warfare of this sort was a flagrant “violation of many sacred principles of justice and humanity.” Protests (including by the secretary of state) that these and other measures were one-sided were met with with accusations of disloyalty and anti-Americanism. Over the next year, the U.S. tightened the screws, issuing an ultimatum to Germany in 1916 to restrict submarine warfare or face the severance of diplomatic relations. A year later, when Wilson was safely reelected and antiwar voices had been further stilled or intimidated, the trap snapped shut: the Germans, now foreseeing that the U.S. would enter the war, decided to resume unrestricted submarine warfare. Wilson, outraged at what he considered the breaking of a promise, broke diplomatic relations, armed U.S. merchant ships, and, after several of the latter were then sunk, called on Congress to declare war. What followed was a comprehensive mobilization of American resources, with an eye toward large-scale combat operations against Germany.
1915 Frister&Rossmann produced over one million and 1/2 of sewing machine
1917 6 April
U.S.A declaration of war on Germany
After the sinking of seven U.S. merchant ships by submarines and the publication of the Zimmerman telegram, Wilson called for war on Germany, which the U.S. Congress declared on 6 April 1917.
1918 End of WWI
After a 1918 German offensive along the western front, the Allies drove back the German armies in a series of successful offensives and United States forces began entering the trenches. Germany, which had its own trouble with revolutionaries at this point, agreed to a cease-fire on 11 November 1918 , later known as Armistice Day. The war had ended in victory for the Allies.
After World War I, Germany was forced to pay all of the war reparations after the Treaty of Versailles(France), signed on 28 June 1919 , came into force on 10 January 1920. Reparations were the payments and transfers of property and equipment that Germany was forced to make following its defeat. Article 231 of the Treaty (the 'war guilt' clause) declared Germany and its allies responsible for all 'loss and damage' suffered by the Allies during the war and provided the basis for reparations.
Britain had suffered little land devastation during the war and Prime Minister David Lloyd George supported reparations to a lesser extent than the French. Britain began to look on a restored Germany as an important trading partner and worried about the effect of reparations on the British economy
Possibily after the Treaty of Versailles, the Frister&Rossmann could export again.The sewing machine were imported in England by the new sole agent O.QUITMANN with offices in 18 CITY ROAD, in London
In January 1921, the total sum due was decided by an Inter-Allied Reparations Commission and was set at 269 billion gold marks (the equivalent of around 100,000 tonnes of pure gold). This 100,000 tonnes of gold is equivalent to more than 50% of all the gold ever mined in history (est. 165000 tonnes) which was clearly not within the means of the Germans to pay.
The war and the treaty were followed by the Hyper-inflation of the early 1920s that wreaked havoc on Germany's social structure and political stability. During that inflation, the value of the nation's currency, the Papiermark, collapsed from 8.9 per US$1 in 1918 to 4.2 trillion per US$1 by November 1923. Prosperity reigned 1923–29, supported by large bank loans from New York.
1925 F&R was taken over by Gritzner.
1929 Dissolution of the F&R company
The G.-V. dated 3.6.1929 decided to release according to § 240 HGB, the dissolution of the company.
1945 After WWII
The brand name was sold in 1945 circa to O.QUITMANN in the UK